Yao , J. Xie , X. Wang , G. Liu , and B. Takata , and R. Sun , Q. Zhang , S.
Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 218
Yun , and K. Webster , D. Watkins , M. Strynar , K. Kato , A. Calafat , V. Vieira , and M. This might be due to the fact that there is a fluoropolymer production plant near Manchester and Hazelrigg. Although there are no fluorination plants around Chaohu and Tianjin, the two large fluorine industrial parks approximately km away could be the source of pollutants in their atmosphere. Inland or rural areas, which are far from point source emissions, may be affected by long-range atmospheric transmission.
PFAAs are most likely to exist as ions in the aqueous phase. In addition, PFAAs in the atmosphere can enter water bodies through dry and wet deposition and air-water exchange. PFAAs in soils can be washed away through precipitation and end up in all types of water bodies following surface runoff. PFAAs in water bodies have been investigated worldwide, especially in rivers near point sources of pollution, such as the Tennessee River in the United States Hansen et al.